HEARTFIELD, JOHN

HEARTFIELD, JOHN (1891–1968), German photographer, graphic artist, and caricaturist; pioneer of artistic photomontage and collage. Born in Berlin as Helmut Herzfeld, he enrolled at the Munich Arts and Crafts School in 1908 and at the Berlin Arts and Crafts School to continue his studies in 1913. In 1916, as a protest against German hostilities against England he changed his name to John Heartfield. At the end of World War I, in 1918, he joined the German Communist party (KPD) together with his friend George Grosz. In 1917 they founded the satirical journal Die Pleite ("The Crash") together with John's brother Wieland, for which he created his first political and satirical posters directed against Fascism by using the technique of photomontage. In 1929, at the International Werkbund exhibition in Stuttgart, he showed several of his collages and photomontages in journals and as book covers under the heading Benuetze Foto als Waffe ("Make Use of Photography as a Weapon"). He also illustrated Deutschland, Deutschland ueber alles, a satirical book written by Kurt Tucholsky. As a member of the Communist Party and on the staff of the Arbeiter-Illustrierten-Zeitung, a weekly newspaper for working people, he published satirical attacks and was already a thorn in the side of the Nazis and had to flee after their rise to power in 1933. He was able to continue his activities first from Prague and later from Paris, where he met walter benjamin in 1935. In 1938, he settled in London and received permission to work as a freelance cartoonist in 1943. After the war, he returned to East Berlin, became a much-honored professor there at the Academy of Fine Arts, and had many exhibitions in Communist Berlin, Warsaw, Moscow, and Prague. Most of Heartfield's montages foreshadow the catastrophe of World War II, such as the cover of a journal under the title Italy in Chains (1928). Among his most famous posters was the one called As in the Middle Ages… So in the Third Reich (1934), featuring a dead body braided onto the swastika. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: P. Pachnicke and K. Honnef: John Heartfield (1992). (Philipp Zschommler (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Heartfield, John — born Helmut Herzfeld (1891 1968)    painter and pho tomonteur; best known for contributions to his brother s Communist leaning publishing firm, Malik Verlag. He was born in Berlin.* His father, the socialist poet Franz Herzfeld, was imprisoned in …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Heartfield, John — pseud. di Herzfeld, Helmut …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Heartfield — John Heartfield (DDR Briefmarke) John Heartfield (* 19. Juni 1891 in Berlin Schmargendorf; † 26. April 1968 in Ost Berlin; eigentlich Helmut Herzfeld (fälschlicherweise wird manchmal Helmut Herzfelde angegeben)) war ein deutscher Maler, Graphiker …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Heartfield — John Heartfield Tombe de Heartfield au cimetière de Berlin. Helmut Herzfeld, dit John Heartfield. (Berlin Schmargendorf, 1891 Berlin, 1968) Artiste allemand, d abord peintre, puis photographe. Ses photomontages, dont il est le précurseur avec Geo …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John Heartfield — (June 19, 1891–April 26, 1968) is the anglicized name of the German photomontage artist Helmut Herzfeld. He chose to call himself Heartfield in 1916, to criticize the rabid nationalism and anti British sentiment prevalent in Germany during World… …   Wikipedia

  • John Heartfield — en un sello. Nombre de nacimiento Helmut Herzfeld …   Wikipedia Español

  • HEARTFIELD (J.) — HEARTFIELD HELMUT HERZFELDE dit JOHN (1891 1968) Peintre allemand. Attiré très tôt par le marxisme, Heartfied, qui vit à Berlin depuis 1913, est influencé par George Grosz; celui ci l’introduit dans le groupe dadaïste en 1918. Avec… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • John (Vorname) — John ist ein Vorname. Er ist die englische und norddeutsche Version des Vornamens Johannes. Bekannte Namensträger John Barden (* 1951), irischer Folksänger und musiker John Berryman (1914–1972), US amerikanischer Dichter und Autor John von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Heartfield —   [ hɑːtfiːld], John, eigentlich Helmut Hẹrzfeld, Grafiker und Bühnenbildner, * Berlin 19. 6. 1891, ✝ Berlin (Ost) 26. 4. 1968; Bruder von W. Herzfelde; ab 1918 Mitglied der KPD, Mitbegründer der Berliner Dada Gruppe. Er setzte die Fotomontage… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • John Heartfield — 15 Pf Sondermarke der DDR Post 1971 aus der Serie Berühmte Persönlichkeiten John Heartfield (* 19. Juni 1891 in Berlin Schmargendorf; † 26. April 1968 in Ost Berlin; eigentli …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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